Open Access

Phylogenetic analyses within three sections of the genus Vicia

  • Tomasz Sakowicz1 and
  • Tomasz Cieślikowski2
Cellular & Molecular Biology LettersAn International Journal200611:47

DOI: 10.2478/s11658-006-0047-x

Received: 14 March 2006

Accepted: 25 June 2006

Published: 01 December 2006

Abstract

The averaged genomic similarities based on multilocus randomly amplified polymorphic DNA (RAPD) were calculated for eight species representing three sections of the genus Vicia: faba, bithynica and narbonensis. The frequency of appearance of the sequences corresponding to 25 decamers selected at random from genomes of different Fabace species was checked, and a high correlation with the frequency observed for Vicia allowed us to assume their similar weight in typing Vicia species. The RAPD-based similarity coefficients compared with those related to whole genome hybridization with barley rDNA and those based on restriction fragment length polymorphism (RFLP) revealed similar interspecies relationships. The averaged RAPD-based similarity coefficient (Pearson’s) was 0.68 for all the species, and was sectionspecific: 0.43 (bithynica), 0.50 (faba) and 0.73 (narbonensis). The averaged similarity coefficient for V. serratifolia (0.63) placed it apart from the rest (0.75) of its section. The results correspond to the interspecies relationships built upon non-genetic data. The averaged similarity coefficient for particular RAPD was related to the presence and type of tandemly repeated motif in a primer: 0.7–0.8 for heterodimers (GC, AG, CA, GT, CT), 0.5–0.6 for homodimers (CC, GG) and 0.6 for no repeat, indicating the sensitivity of diversity range to the type of target sequences.

Key words

Vicia Average similarity Multilocus diversity RAPD

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