The expression of protein kinase B in gastric cancer cell apoptosis induced by 12-O-tetradecanoylphorbol-1, 3-acetate
© © Versita Warsaw and Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 2009
Received: 18 August 2008
Accepted: 17 January 2009
Published: 23 February 2009
Protein kinase B (PKB/Akt) is a serine-threonine kinase functioning downstream of phosphatidylinositol 3-kinase (PI-3 kinase) in response to mitogen or growth factor stimulation. In several cell types, it plays an important anti-apoptotic role. TPA is a potent regulator of the growth of many different cell types. Here, we detected that TPA could induce cell apoptosis in the gastric cancer cell line, BGC-823. We also found that TPA inhibited the expression of PKB/Akt in a TPA concentration- and time-dependent manner. Furthermore, TPA inhibited the phosphorylation of PKB at Ser473, but did not affect the phosphorylation of Thr308. It only attenuated the expression of PKB/Akt and the phosphorylation of Ser473 in the cell nucleus, whereas it did not change the PKB/Akt distribution in BGC-823 cells. These results suggest that PKB/Akt inhibition by TPA may be the important factor in the mechanism of effect of TPA on gastric cell lines.