Non-erythroid beta spectrin interacting proteins and their effects on spectrin tetramerization
© © Versita Warsaw and Springer-Verlag Wien 2011
Received: 25 May 2011
Accepted: 18 August 2011
Published: 24 August 2011
With yeast two-hybrid methods, we used a C-terminal fragment (residues 1697–2145) of non-erythroid beta spectrin (βII-C), including the region involved in the association with alpha spectrin to form tetramers, as the bait to screen a human brain cDNA library to identify proteins interacting with βII-C. We applied stringent selection steps to eliminate false positives and identified 17 proteins that interacted with βII-C (IPβII-C s). The proteins include a fragment (residues 38–284) of “THAP domain containing, apoptosis associated protein 3, isoform CRA g”, “glioma tumor suppressor candidate region gene 2” (residues 1-478), a fragment (residues 74–442) of septin 8 isoform c, a fragment (residues 704–953) of “coatomer protein complex, subunit beta 1, a fragment (residues 146–614) of zinc-finger protein 251, and a fragment (residues 284–435) of syntaxin binding protein 1. We used yeast three-hybrid system to determine the effects of these βII-C interacting proteins as well as of 7 proteins previously identified to interact with the tetramerization region of non-erythroid alpha spectrin (IPαII-N s)  on spectrin tetramer formation. The results showed that 3 IPβII-C s were able to bind βII-C even in the presence of αII-N, and 4 IPαII-N s were able to bind αII-N in the presence of βII-C. We also found that the syntaxin binding protein 1 fragment abolished αII-N and βII-C interaction, suggesting that this protein may inhibit or regulate non-erythroid spectrin tetramer formation.