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Table 2 Major miRNAs involved in the response to phosphorus starvation in different crop species

From: Regulation of phosphorus uptake and utilization: transitioning from current knowledge to practical strategies

Species miRNA Description References
Common in many species miR399 A systemic signaling molecule mediating whole-plant phosphorus homeostasis [26, 32, 42, 43, 45]
Common in many species miR156, miR159, miR166, miR319, miR398, miR447, miR827, miR156, miR778, miR827, and miR2111 Induced by phosphorus starvation [43, 48, 49]
Common in many species miR169, miR395 and miR398 are repressed. Repressed by phosphorus starvation [43, 48, 49]
Zea mays miRNA399b and miR3 Induced by ZmPT1 and ZmPT2 by phosphorus starvation [48]
Triticum aestivum mir159b, mir167, mir399, mir408, mir1122, mir1125, mir1135 and mir1136 Induced by phosphorus starvation [51]
Brassica napus miR169, miR827 and miR2111 Responsive to phosphorus starvation [44]
Solanum lycopersicum miR319 and miR394 Expressed in roots and induced by phosphorus starvation [54]
Solanum lycopersicum miR158, miR169g, miR172, miR172b, miR319, miR771 and miR775 Expressed in leaves and repressed by phosphorus starvation [54]
Lupinus albus 35 miRNA families Phosphorus starvation upregulates 17, 9, 10 miRNAs in the root, stem and leaf, respectively, and represses 7, 6, 12 miRNAs in the root, stem and leaf, respectively [52]
Hordeum vulgare 55 potential sRNAs Regulated by phosphorus starvation and responsible for phosphorus homeostasis [50]
Glycine max 110 novel miRNAs Responsive to phosphorus starvation, with 55 expressed in the root and 55 in the shoot [53]