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Fig. 3 | Cellular & Molecular Biology Letters

Fig. 3

From: Tetramethylpyrazine exerts a protective effect against injury from acute myocardial ischemia by regulating the PI3K/Akt/GSK-3β signaling pathway

Fig. 3

The effects of tetramethylpyrazine (TMP) on the levels of pro-inflammatory cytokines IL-1β, IL-6 and TNF-α in serum were detected using ELISA assays. Values are expressed as means ± SD. ##p < 0.01compared to control group; *p < 0.05, **p < 0.01 compared to ISO group. Control: rats pretreated with saline solution. ISO: rats pretreated with saline solution and treated with isoproterenol (ISO). ISO + Pro: rats pretreated with propranolol (Pro) and treated with ISO. ISO + TMP: rats pretreated with indicated dosage of TMP and treated with ISO

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