Induction of heme oxygenase-1 and heat shock protein 70 in rat hepatocytes: The role of calcium signaling
© University of Wrocław 2006
Received: 20 April 2006
Accepted: 27 July 2006
Published: 13 November 2006
Stress response genes including heat shock proteins are induced under a variety of conditions to confer cellular protection. This study investigated the role of calcium signaling in the induction of two stress response genes, heme oxygenase-1/hsp32 and hsp70, in isolated rat hepatocytes. Both genes were induced by cellular glutathione depletion. This induction could be inhibited by BAPTA-AM. Culturing in a calcium-free medium prevented the induction of hsp70 gene expression after glutathione depletion without affecting heme oxygenase-1 gene expression. Thapsigargin increased the gene expression of heme oxygenase-1 but not that of hsp70. Thapsigargin-induced heme oxygenase-1 induction was completely inhibited by BAPTA-AM. Incubation with the Ca2+-ionophore A23187 augmented heme oxygenase-1 (two-fold) and hsp70 (5.2-fold) mRNA levels. Our data suggests a significant role of Ca2+-dependent pathways in the induction of the two stress genes. An increase in the cytoplasmic Ca2+ activity seems to play a key role in the cascade of signaling leading to the induction of the two genes. However, the source of Ca2+ that fluxes into the cytoplasm seems to be different. Our data provides evidence for a compartmentalization of calcium fluxes, i.e. the Ca2+ flux from intracellular stores (e.g. the endoplasmic reticulum) plays a major role in the induction of heme oxygenase-1. By contrast, Ca2+ flux from the extracellular medium seems to be a mechanism initiating the cellular signaling cascade leading to hsp70 gene induction.