Open Access

The determination of changes in the expression of genes for selected specific transcriptional factors in in vitro ductal breast cancer cells under the influence of paclitaxel

Cellular & Molecular Biology LettersAn International Journal201116:610

https://doi.org/10.2478/s11658-011-0026-8

Received: 31 May 2011

Accepted: 1 September 2011

Published: 7 September 2011

Abstract

This study aimed to determine the changes in the expression of genes for selected specific transcriptional factors that have both activating and repressing functions in in vitro ductal breast cancer cells, under the influence of paclitaxel, applying the microarray technique. The cells are treated with 60 ng/ml and 300 ng/ml doses of paclitaxel that correspond to those applied in breast cancer therapy. About 60 ng/ml doses of paclitaxel cause a statistically significant increase in expression of all the 16 analysed genes coding transcriptional factors, ranging from 1.84-fold (for PO4F2) to 4.65-fold (for LMO4) (p < 0.05) in comparison with the control cells, and enhanced the taxane mechanism of action. The 300 ng/ml doses of paclitaxel cause a cytotoxic effect in the cells. In this article, we argue that these changes in gene expression values may constitute prognostic and predictive factors in ductal breast cancer therapy.

Key words

Breast cancer Transcriptional factors Gene expression Microarrays Anti-tumour Treatment Paclitaxel Microtubules Cytotoxic effect Apoptosis

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