Membrane potential-dependent binding of polysialic acid to lipid monolayers and bilayers
© Versita Warsaw and Springer-Verlag Wien 2013
Received: 2 June 2013
Accepted: 25 November 2013
Published: 30 November 2013
Polysialic acids are linear polysaccharides composed of sialic acid monomers. These polyanionic chains are usually membrane-bound, and are expressed on the surfaces of neural, tumor and neuroinvasive bacterial cells. We used toluidine blue spectroscopy, the Langmuir monolayer technique and fluorescence spectroscopy to study the effects of membrane surface potential and transmembrane potential on the binding of polysialic acids to lipid bilayers and monolayers. Polysialic acid free in solution was added to the bathing solution to assess the metachromatic shift in the absorption spectra of toluidine blue, the temperature dependence of the fluorescence anisotropy of DPH in liposomes, the limiting molecular area in lipid monolayers, and the fluorescence spectroscopy of oxonol V in liposomes. Our results show that both a positive surface potential and a positive transmembrane potential inside the vesicles can facilitate the binding of polysialic acid chains to model lipid membranes. These observations suggest that these membrane potentials can also affect the polysialic acid-mediated interaction between cells.